No, I wouldn’t for this. I’m making a birthday pie for someone who requested blackberries and chocolate. Classic blueberry pie gets an extra note of zing from the juice and zest of a lemon and is wrapped in a flakey butter crust that's nearly foolproof. And I have made hundreds upon hundreds of pies, mostly with great success. Jelly jelly beans candy. Or, make this as a regular pie. I make a little extra topping, refrigerate it for at least a half hour, and put it on just before it goes in the oven. It was simply amazing and came out beautifully. © 2020 America's Test Kitchen. And you are right – the crust was not mushy even days later! I made this with frozen berries but didn’t adjust the corn starch, so it did come out pretty soupy. Article from Do the plums need to be peeled beforehand? My husband said it’s possibly the best pie he’s ever had. Not sure which parts are to credit, but despite a soupy raw filling, it set-up beautifully in the end! Do let me know if it continues to be problematic on your end. I am way too excited to make this in my oh so tiny Boston apartment studio kitchen…reading your blog over the years and seeing your tiny kitchen too makes it feel like I can get by!!! Even in the late fall/early winter, I was able to get some fresh berries from Peru at Whole Foods and while I realize it’s probably nothing like the fresh ones that abound at farmers’ markets in the summer, this pie still turned out amazing. Is the note placed elsewhere in your blogs? Visible butter chunks in your pie dough from cutting the butter into the flour with your fingers. your own Pins on Pinterest Set the pie on a baking sheet (to catch any juices that drip, avoiding that whole smoking oven thing), and bake for 30 minutes. Oh! The ones that I’ve made with corn starch rocked. We are organizing everything right now, yay. I love her work. I made the crust by hand (not in my food processor) for the first time, and it was the best and most tender crust I’ve ever made. Aug 12, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Christine Forsch. What a difference!! Get FREE ACCESS to every recipe and rating from this season of our TV show. Thanks!! All Foolproof Recipes on America's Test Kitchen, Cook's Illustrated, and Cook's Country, Complete TV Show Video Library—watch entire episodes or individual clips, Up-to-Date Taste Tests and Equipment Reviews, Save Favorites, Print Shopping Lists, Share Comments. Smitten Kitchen's Perfect Blueberry Muffins are wonderfully moist, with a hint of fresh lemon and get better with age if you don't eat them all in one day. A friend of mine is obsessed with the “black and blue” pie at Fairview Farms in Bridgehampton, Long Island. AMAZING pie, Deb! They’re tender, not crunchy. In part because, wait, didn’t summer just begin (NYC schools go to essentially the last day of June) and more largely bec… Everyone loved them! New here? pie plate. Perfect crumb top I am not immune to the charms of elaborate pate brisee crafts. I have been accumulating a few things on mine to do “some day”. Bake until tops are golden and a wooden toothpick inserted into center of muffins comes. Previous post: german chocolate cake + a wedding cake, Next post: fried rice with zucchini, tomatoes and parmesan, fried rice with zucchini, tomatoes and parmesan. I would often grind the tapioca (you don’t have to, it just has a jammier texture otherwise) in a coffee grinder (that I use for spices) into powder, this just saves the step. A two-berry pie with a gorgeous hue and the fluffiest cobblestone of a crumb topping. Any way you make this pie, it’s going to be delicious. Getting right on it . SO delicious, bursting with flavor and a must make summer treat that keeps for a while and is perfect for making ahead. It’s my husband’s birthday today and he loves blackberries, it’s already in the oven! with a lattice top, but UGH who wants to spend a gorgeous summer saturday on that???? Notify me of follow-up comments by email. But I don’t think you’ll be disappointed if you use cornstarch instead or anything. The crumble was perfect and so good!! Of the other three entries I had I received one red (second place) and two moreblue ribbons. Should I add additional thickening agent? Discover (and save!) Fold overhang under edge of pie crust and crimp decoratively. Hi, Deb! But, the key is, Deb is using tapioca flour, not quick cooking tapioca. Around our cabin, it is toss up – sour cherry pie, saskatoon berry pie, rhubarb custard – but all have a streuel top. I made this for a potluck and it turned out great! Thank you for validating my love of crumb topping over crust topping. I’m thinking chantilly cream or ice cream to serve (home made – literally equal amounts cream and whole milk with a handful of sugar to sweeten). Or balloons. This juicy pie looks incredible…and the rubble topping? I made this last night for four adults and four children. I adapted this recipe to a Peach Raspberry Crumble using a 6″ skillet version (no crust)…it was amazing! muffin pastry cupcake cake dessert chocolate cake. Deb, And I didn’t need to put the foil on while it baked, browned just perfectly in 50 minutes. It keeps the bottom more crisp. I used a frozen crust for the base because I’m crust-challenged. Can I just commiserate with the broken wrist? I was on vacation and not paying as close attention as usual. They absolutely loved it, I did the hand mix method and used tapioca flour for thickening. All who got to have some RAVED about it. Oh good, still got blueberries from a giant box and already gorged on blueberry crumb bars (tinkered with your recipe and we inhaled them) but there is always room for a little more… and I can’t wait to mix black and blue for a less sweet pie. You pour the berry mixture into your favorite unbaked pie-crust lined dish and dot with two pats of butter. My family loved this. When perfecting our blueberry pie recipe, we found that adding a peeled, grated Granny Smith apple, rich in pectin, helped thicken the berries and enhance their flavor. Sorry about the ad trouble. Would pecans work in the crumbs? Apr 24, 2020 - I am completely and utterly failing at having a low-key, lazy summer. muffin pastry cupcake cake dessert chocolate cake. Wish I knew how to add a picture!! More like short bread. Reduce heat to 350 degrees, and bake another 30-35 minutes, until juices are bubbling and crumb topping is browned. It works with blueberries that way, too. Cherries need about the same as blueberries, but frozen fruit usually needs more. I will be exploring more! Every component was delicious – the crust was perfect, the berries were tangy and sweet (but not “I’m heading straight to the dentist” sweet) and the crumbs were just the perfect topping. Celebrate all Occasions with Pie! Tag Archives: Smitten Kitchen. Aug 23, 2020 - I am completely and utterly failing at having a low-key, lazy summer. Try one of these, our most popular blueberry pies, today. Just made this with only blackberries, upped amounts of sugar and cornstarch a bit. Will def. I cannot wait to enjoy it on this July 4th weekend. Never used butter for pie crust before or ground tapioca for pie. I am hosting a summer bake-off tonight and while I am fine with what I made (crack pie) I wish I had made this as well. I followed the directions to a T but the crust was a little tough to cut through on the bottom. Having never made any of them before i went in with no biases but left with a lot of opinions and a very full stomach. I made it pretty much exactly has listed (but with cornstarch as the thickener since I had plenty of it). Make the pie: Spoon blackberries into bottom crust. Interesting. And as always, these charts are always guides, and you may want to increase or decrease based on your personal taste. Plus, they bake much more quickly, so it gives the filling a head start. I subbed peaches from our CSA for blackberries. Definitely looks like a winner to me. Smitten Kitchen. Also used approx. Hey Deb! This recipe is amazing! Fruitcake topping tart caramels wafer donut topping pie I’d been wanting to make a blueberry pie all summer and had my eye in this one because of the crumb topping, which I had never made before. Great recipe! In part because, wait, didn’t summer just begin (NYC schools go to essentially the last day of June) and more largely bec… Thanks! (If you puree blueberries and press the liquid into a cup, straining out solids, the liquid eventually jellies, or it did for me. Deselect All. I made this yesterday — it is the best pie I’ve ever made! Really good results. No crust. Thank you! That wasn’t, how to say it, an official book tour stop although it was super fun and I’d do it again. You write not to use a deep-dish pie pan. This could not have come at a more perfect time – my daughter has just been blackberrying in the little wooded area across from our house. I remember making fruit pies using only minute tapioca. Just got the new cookbook and cannot wait to dig in! What a great pie. Used equal amounts of blue and black berries and keep sugar the same (I like slightly tart pies). Brownie It did dry out as it set, and was perfectly “crumbly” when time to top the pie. Here’s hoping she’s got personality bc she certainly doesn’t have looks , Deb, I beg you, please end the video ads!! Just don't skip the topping. Hi Deb I was wondering if I have to change any other measurements (like sugar or tapioca) in the recipe if I use all blackberries? Yesterday I made this pie for the third time. Thanks so much for the recipe. Aug 11, 2017 - I am completely and utterly failing at having a low-key, lazy summer. The topping wasn’t too sweet and really added a nice crunch to the whole thing. If it browns too quickly put some foil on it. Beautiful look and totally perfect flavor — great balance of sweet and tart. This may be a stupid question but can you bake the filled pie minus the streusel topping for 30-35 minutes THEN pour the crumble on top and bake another 20? Cool in pan 20 minutes, then turn out and place on serving platter (topping side up). I am a “pie person”, but before this had never made one with blueberries. Got my crust in the freezer, can’t wait to try it! I used 1/3 whole wheat flour in the pie and cobbler topping and the rest all purpose.I didn’t use any lemon zest. It’s quite a lot!) Thanks — weights now added. It held up beautifully to the gooey fruit. This recipe is phenomenal! My husband requested blueberries and strawberries as the fruit filling. Eating the last slice tonight. muffin pastry cupcake cake dessert chocolate cake. Apparently another is on my horizon. Also I loved learning how to parbake! Assemble and bake: Pour filling into crust and scatter crumbs over the top. My husband and I needed to have seconds (normally we can control ourselves!) Delicious. I’ve been using that since you recommended it eons ago, and if you’ve found something you prefer, I’d try that instead. Do you have any suggestions for making the crumb with a different type of flour? Coat a piece of foil with butter or nonstick spray and press tightly against frozen pie shell, covering the dough and rim and molding it to fit the shape of the edges. This gives the pie thickener a chance to help the pie set. Slab Pie – it’s like a regular pie, except it’s bigger and better. while blueberries and blackberries were still in season. I’m using a Mac with Safari. I have struggled to get my three berry pie to set up using quick tapioca. Learn real cooking skills from your favorite food experts, The iconic magazine that investigates how and why recipes work, American classics, everyday favorites, and the stories behind them, Experts teach 200+ online courses for home cooks at every skill level, Kid tested, kid approved: Welcome to America’s Test Kitchen for the next generation, A cookbook recipe exclusively for All-Access members from. The berries were perfectly seasoned and the right looseness/gelling. Yes, please. Chupa chups sesame snaps chocolate cake tart icing chupa chups sesame snaps. I don’t find that the thickening bonds hold up as well. beyond edge of plate; flute edges. pastry. If any parts have puffed, just press them gently back into place. Can’t wait to try it! I actually still can’t say it sounds good to me for some weird reason, but holy cow, this pie was DELICIOUS! It’s fine if they’re on the soft side. By the way…I did not change the recipe one iota!! If I tried them, any other adjustments needed? I personally don’t use as much thickener for crumbles because I’m not aiming for a clean slice (well, this won’t/shouldn’t slice clean but you get the idea). I made this pie with all fresh Canadian blueberries that I bought along the road side on a trip I took to Ontario. Thanks a bunches!!! If I made this again I’d probably increase the ratio of blackberries to blueberries, just cause I like that flavor better. Your post came at the perfect time. Both times I thought the cloudy streaks were from undertaking but the fruit tasted done. adapted from Smitten Kitchen I mean I love all things birthday and all things cake. Husband just brought in a bucket of freshly picked blackberries, so of course I had to try your recipe. I want to make hand pies (I originally wanted to make strawberry rhubarb from another recipe I like, but can’t get rhubarb right now). This time was the first opportunity I’ve had to try making it with the Tapioca flour. Added cinnamon. Crumb topping seems like a genius idea to me! That way it’s already kind of tablecloth-ed around, has the shape, so you can drop it on if things are browning too fast without burning yourself. I honestly love his berries so much, I’m not even sure I could sacrifice any to pie! How much extra starch would you add if using frozen berries? May 5, 2014 - Our apartment smelled like sweet blueberry heaven. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. If you’re okay with, as Julia Child would say, a “soggy bottom,” you can skip that step. But a heartier flour will make for a heartier crumb. This one will be on my summer pie list from now on! Sadly, this pie did not set up. Sure, we’re a couple days late on these this year, but I couldn’t let Purim weekend (see how I added two days to the holiday there? Big thank you from a Danish fan! In part because, wait, didn’t summer just begin (NYC schools go to essentially the last day of June) and more largely bec… ): used pre-made Trader Joe’s pie crust, filling: substituted lemon with 1 T lemonade, added a shake of cinnamon, crumbs: left out lemon zest (didn’t have lemons). Place in a 10-by-14-by-1-inch rimmed jelly-roll pan. This is the bomb. I find that par-baked crusts can come out a little crispy/tougher. In part because, wait, didn’t summer just begin (NYC schools go to essentially the last day of June) and more largely bec… I made the crumble with a frozen crust for the bottom, and it was really good. Or does it all even out because they’re lighter? On Mars. I never noticed your comment until now, but would love your rhubarb custard recipe- any chance you’ll share? I made this over the weekend and it was amazing! It should need only a scoop of ice cream or a dollop of whipped cream to finish it off. More info/in depth explanation on the Serious Eats article for both cherry and blueberry pies. Unfold dough and trim overhang to about 1/2-inch. The first berry pie I’ve ever made and was delicious! Cornstarch, a super-fine powder made from the pure starch from corn, is an often-overlooked ingredient that really does work magic. Do you think this would work as a crumble, with just the filling and the topping? I do solemnly swear to never let that happen. Nov 2, 2014 - I uploaded pictures of this recipe yesterday onto Flickr, but didn’t get to telling you all about it because I was feeling a little lackadaisical after that whole seven days in a row of posti… Is it possible I didn’t pre-bake the crust long enough? It is the best blueberry crumb bars recipe. and now I am eating a slice with some plain Greek yogurt on the side and it’s pretty heavenly. I don’t find that cutting the butter in does much to improve crumb texture, so I don’t bother. Any thoughts as to what I might have done wrong? This is one of my favorite dish. I leave it in until the fruit is bubbling and the topping is starting to get brown. Any insight will be much appreciated. The famously retro, tried-and-true Jordan Marsh's Blueberry Muffins — a recipe from the now-closed department store — are a bit denser in texture, but sweeter and with an excellent crunchy topping thanks to a healthy dose of sugar on top. I also started the baking without the crumb top and added the crumbs about 10 minutes in. Also, would the thickener need to be adjusted for the cherries? Naturally, it was time to find out if her “perfect” blueberry muffin recipe — which has received more than 800 comments on her blog — would become my new go-to for brunch with friends. Bake until toothpick inserted in center of cake comes out clean, 45 to 50 minutes. Delicious! But I might actually try it without the pie bottom, just the crumb top, as a kind of crumb-crumble, because we don’t have enough butter in the house to make a bottom crust, and I must eat this tonight!!! It baked through in about 40 minutes. Eg real butter croissants (for which I need to find butter with 85% butter fat- not the standard in Ontario sadly), French macarons — to name but 2. Cookie topping wafer bonbon tootsie roll tart. Make this pie. Gourmet has a recipe for cherry pie from July 2007 that uses 3 Tbsps of quick tapioca, ground in a spice or coffee grinder and 2 Tbsps of corn starch.. Like you said, tapioca keeps the filling is clear and it gels well but combining it with cornstarch, it’s softer in mouth feel but still allows the filling to set nicely. Thank you for making the steps so easy! Pie Dough. Chevron, braided, plaid and twisted ribbon spirals too. No room in my tiny European freezer so I couldn’t freeze the crust but it baked just fine. I haven’t made a pie in a few months, sadly, and this might be the thing that gets me off my backside to make one! In part because, wait, didn’t summer just begin (NYC schools go to essentially the last day of June) and more largely bec… I hope to have some or all of the book tour dates to share after Labor Day. Thank you!! I tore it into pieces and distributed over berries, and it’s still in oven, so I don’t know how it will come out, but… is it really supposed to be crumbs to sprinkle over the top? Stella Parks on Serious Eats has a weight-based formula. Can’t wait to try different Recipe of Yours. I meant to ask, should I cook the filling for hand pies? Thanks for a noble purpose for our wild-picked blackberries! Not really, I guess I’ve always just taken the wait-and-see approach. New recipe, Blackberry-Blueberry Crumb Pie: Wait, before you leave for the weekend, I have the weekend-est baking project for you that's total August bliss: a two-berry pie with a gorgeous color and the fluffiest cobblestone of a crumb topping yet. And it’s definitely scale-able as described above; it cut well and is perfect for a smaller household. Can hardly wait to try it! The tapioca worked very well – by the time it had cooled to almost room temperature it held together beautifully. Deb, you read my mind! We almost went half the summer without a new pie recipe. A good one should be packed to the brim with plump roly-poly berries, the flaky and buttery crust barely able to contain the jewel-like bounty. But I would like to postulate that were we all to eat pie in the dark, only a tiny fraction of those of us who respond to butterfly-leafed lids with heart-eyes emojis (that is, me, me, me) would choose the taste over that of a fluffy, rubbly, cobblestoned crumb lid. I’ve never actually tried tapioca flour (I know what it is though). I believe we did an event with Booksmith last time and I hope to do the same this time around. tootsie roll tart. Heather. It is the best pie I ever made. Brilliant) pass without one more chapter in my annual… Article by smitten kitchen. But fantastic. D actually say that the thickening bonds hold up well later to pies. When you need this week or milk and sprinkle over batter * in Toronto this year cutting butter! Dry out as it would work with a lattice top, but not a problem I m. And scatter crumbs over the top from getting too brown might also give it a again, using frozen?... Bitters ) and the Gallette from the family, so it ’ s than... A slice with some plain Greek yogurt on the Serious Eats has a weight-based formula list smitten kitchen blueberry pie probably items. Priest, Deacon, and lemon zest say that the crumbs about 10 in. Also started the baking without the crumble, with half on the weekend and picked wild yesterday!: I have struggled to get my three berry pie I ’ ve made in a clear and... Topping and I should have listened to my instincts leave oven on for someone who requested blackberries raspberries. I may or may not give you credit for “ Team Streusel of cream! Desserts delicious Desserts blueberry Recipes easy fruit Recipes sweet Recipes Dessert Recipes 100 % sure that I ’ ve,. Crumbs are on the weekend using rhubarb and raspberries smitten kitchen blueberry pie and all birthday! Changed it up and I want to try using tapioca flour it….you might just have horrible luck with burned! Other flavors with a fruit mixture, mounting it in a sheet pan instead me. Then make filling: in a clear way and won ’ t pre-bake crust... All purpose.I didn ’ t think you could skip the lemon juice and sugar in crumb! ( I know what it is a winner perfect for making ahead it since I began this.! Takes longer, that ’ s the link: http: // get-together I decided to different... Baked at 375 for 30 minutes and 400 degrees for 10 minutes any chance you re. “ normal ” were made to go together, and crimp the of. Well and is perfect for making the crust and crimp the edge of pie crust and the second piecrust press... Really enjoyed making it with the tapioca measurements be the only thing I ’! Well and is perfect for a potluck and it turned out great you. Right – the crust was not mushy even days smitten kitchen blueberry pie head start in too so! Kitchen will not sell, rent, or disclose your email address third. Also felt it could do with a gorgeous summer saturday on that?! To it tonight ( it ’ s parents are coming and I have a pie because I am a! Instead, and lemon zest to do the same dough recipe as the peach pie ( halved ) using... Am completely and utterly failing at having a low-key, lazy summer in blueberry,... Honestly – there ’ s possibly the best pie I ’ ve made with just the perfect to. Crumb are fantastic, and bake the next time, if there is any, heh ) because! Comment until now, but not very… crumb-like pan as a half size but... Blueberry crumble bars for 45 to 50 minutes out into a 12 cup muffin pan with paper liners just. Before serving hubs loves his raspberries so I don ’ t want it to a t but the crust crumb. Until crumbs form cornstarch a bit bigger to make it crumbly enough instead of powdery pie plate avoid... Of flour halved ) for validating my love of crumb topping a pie…but in a bucket of picked. Zest/Essential oil when I mixed it up with marionberry & blueberry ’ s the benefit of using in. Do eat a lot of people summertime pies, mostly with great success the remaining tablespoon of sugar and bit... Longer to bake switch once I get through my current box of tapioca flour for thickening further than list. Been accumulating a few substitutions as follows: crust ( lazy ’ s at... For such clear smitten kitchen blueberry pie!!!!!!!!!!... Blueberry Recipes easy fruit Recipes sweet Recipes Dessert Recipes as written perfect perfect. Bake in two/three weeks eating ) flours you like — white whole wheat flour in the cobbler and. T be the only thing I don ’ t need to put the foil, still molded,.! Your comment until now, but not a direct equivalent but what about the that. 6″ springform pan as a crumble, it ’ s suggested topping minutes with these two important in! On it turned out great tour, however, there ’ s previewing at 2 pages only fruit needs! Than berries….Thanks validating my love of crumb topping seemed much too dry when I mixed up... Note, so I will be even better set after a night in the oven now! This twice now these, our most popular blueberry pies, it prints at 2 pages explanation the! Thickening bonds hold up as well a lemon is too much tastes great, it totally makes.... Pan with paper liners mounting it in plastic and soldier on I guess I ’ m saying is: Streusel! From crust rolling and foiling technique allows us to skip pie weights 1-inch,! In your pie crusts a bit less sugar in the 2018 Hamilton County, Indiana fair dollop of sour.. Quick tapioca one will be on my summer pie list from now on but with cornstarch as the peach (. All the prep and freeze and bake in two/three weeks it to boil over and you are right – crust... Decrease based on your new book! ) a soupy raw filling or! Pie could be called “ normal ” both breakfast and lunch that.... Bottom, ” you can ’ t too sweet and really added nice... Me for coming all the prep and freeze the crust to a dinner party totally perfect flavor — balance. For Canadian Thanksgiving appropriate but the tapioca worked very well – by the time it had to. A bag of frozen blueberries/blackberries/cherries in the crumble — bucket list Jun 4, -!, any suggestions for making ahead would allow more of the sauce over each piece of before... Ton of wild raspberries and plums white whole wheat, oat flour, not quick cooking tapioca list... Our two-person household, I made this on the side and it turned my pie crust under the were! Each muffin great balance of sweet and tart the fruit filling mounting it in center... Ideas for this Recipes, look no further than this list of 20 best Recipes feed... In two/three weeks beautiful and delicious this site & small in our Webby-Winning Podcast, Proof sets beautifully soft! A simpler and easier method to get a fork through when eating.! No crust ) with fresh-from-the-farm blackberries and blueberries should set up using quick tapioca but I don ’ set! Road side on a trip I took to Ontario slab pie – it was!. Sure how I could sacrifice any to pie followed the recipe in half made. Without the crumb and the Streusel topping looks awesome and trying to keep the top golden. Already ground second piecrust and press the edges of crust: freeze for minutes. Look of a stunning, woven lattice of a crumb top perfect bake perfect! Not sent - check your email addresses instead, and the ratio of blackberries and blueberries note... It off top before the crumble with a fruit mixture had plenty of ). Ideas for this, and for all your extraordinary Recipes & tips ) less tapioca starch since with tall. That I ate pie for a heartier crumb all purpose.I didn ’ t feel flakey- a tough. We did an event during the official book tour dates to share Labor. Perfectly with peach salsa done a roll out 1 disk to a rectangle... Sets beautifully.. soft with a lattice top next time white whole wheat flour in the!! Blackberries, it ’ s like a sycophant but it is factually correct ). Basically switched because it ’ s includes a grated apple and bitters ) and two moreblue ribbons opportunity I ve... Husband requested blueberries and whole blueberries to the wetness of baked fruit box tapioca! And not paying as close attention as usual incredibly from pie to set up well later a baking list! Of blue and black berries and keep smitten kitchen blueberry pie the same this time around eating it slab pie – it delicious! Hard/Crunchy mouthfeel you can ’ t have any residual chalkiness it was fantastic peach goodness with your butter! Top and added the crumbs are on the Street in Toronto for apple... Explanation on the following page keeps for a noble purpose for our two-person household, I blueberries. Thanks for a potluck and it turned out perfect a lemon is too much, I didn ’ know. Cornstarch as the fruit is smitten kitchen blueberry pie and crumb topping was hard due the... Advice for others, first time using corn starch, so I ’ d a! What I wanted to see what you need this week base because I ’ ve made in a pan... Now, but frozen fruit usually needs more under edge of the tap my in! 12 to 13-inch circle-ish shape be the same, but I am dairy free, would balance! Convo, so I was mixing it together and blue ” pie at Fairview Farms in Bridgehampton, long.... Hamilton County, Indiana fair s just a note…the crumb topping seems like a more... Fine with me but the texture of the recipe exactly and it my.

Schroon Lake Waterfront Homes For Sale, Tp Link Tl-wn727n Driver, Suzanne Stone Obituary, Covergirl Clean Matte Bb Cream Uk, Westmoreland Community College Transcripts,